There are many misconceptions and misinformation about PET plastic bottles at Bottles and Co-Pack LLC we primarily produce PET plastic bottles  bellow are some frequently asked questions about PET plastic bottles from an industry website that seeks to educate the public about PET plastic bottles.


What is Facts on PET?
Facts on PET is an educational campaign designed to dispel any misconceptions about PET and the
environmental concerns surrounding PET bottle production and recycling. Our message is simple: PET is
globally recognized as a safe, recyclable packaging material. Most single-serve plastic bottles, including
those for water, soft drinks and juices, are made with PET, which can be recycled and does not contain

What is the difference between BPA and PET?
Simply put, there is no link between BPA and PET. PET stands for polyethylene terephthalate. PET (also
known as PETE) is designated by a recyclable “1.” Most often found in single-serve plastic bottles, such as
those used for water or soft drinks, PET is a safe, recyclable material that contains no BPA. BPA, which
stands for bisphenol-A, is one of the building blocks of another type of plastic called polycarbonate, which
is most often found in reusable rigid containers and electronic devices.

How can consumers differentiate between PET and products containingBPA?
All plastic containers should have a number on the bottom that designates the recycling stream for that
product. PET containers are usually labeled with the letters “PET” or “PETE” and the recycling symbol “1.”
Polycarbonate products that contain BPA are one of several materials labeled with the recycling symbol
“7.” However, the recycling symbol “7” is a catch-all category that also includes other plastic and bioresins
that do not contain BPA.

What is your position on BPA?
Facts on PET supports the efforts of regulators to ensure that plastics are safe for the public through
scientific testing and analysis. We believe that public policy decisions should be based on the best
available scientific information.

Don’t PET bottles leech antimony?
Antimony trioxide is a catalyst that is sometimes used in PET production. Numerous tests have found that
the level of antimony in bottled beverages falls well below even the strictest regulatory guidelines
designed to protect public health. (See the International Life Sciences Institute white paper on PET) In
addition, some resin producers are proactively shifting toward other catalysts that would reduce or
eliminate the need for antimony in the production of PET.

Does PET contain or leach estrogen-like chemicals?
Current research shows that PET does not contain or leach estrogen-like chemicals such as BPA or other
endocrine disrupters. A recent study from the University of Pisa entitled “Screening of estrogen-like activity
of mineral water stored in PET bottles,” determined that sampled PET bottles did not exhibit any
appreciable estrogenic activity.

Is PET safe?
Numerous tests have found PET to be a safe material for the storage of food products. For research on
the subject, see the International Life Sciences Institute white paper on PET.

What has the Canadian government done with regards to productscontaining BPA?
Health Canada recommended banning polycarbonate baby products in April 2008. The government
recently labeled BPA a hazardous substance and passed legislation that will ban the use of BPA in food
containers, specifically baby bottles and infant formula cans lined with BPA. The Canadian government
determined that there are potential health risks for infants exposed to BPA.

What action is being taken in the United States to ban products containingBPA?
Legislation banning children’s products made with polycarbonate containing BPA, such as baby bottles and
“sippy” cups, has been introduced to the U.S. Senate. Other states, such as California and Michigan, are
also considering legislation banning the use of materials made with BPA in children’s products.

Aren’t single-serve plastic bottles harmful to the environment?
Most single-serve plastic bottles are made of PET, a safe, lightweight, low-cost and recyclable plastic.
Though it takes energy and petroleum to create PET, it is 100% recyclable. Also, a recent Life Cycle
Analysis conducted by the Allied Development Corporation determined how the environmental footprint
and greenhouse gas emissions of manufacturing and transporting PET relates to alternative forms of
packaging. The first study found that in North America, PET is the most favorable alternative when
compared to aluminum cans and glass bottles for a 355 ml carbonated soft drink application. When
measuring greenhouse gas emissions and energy consumption, PET containers had the best performance.
The following LCA studies relating to PET are available for viewing:
1. CSD Beverage Package Performance in North America
2. CSD Beverage Package Performance in Europe
3. Wine Package Performance in North America
Where there is support and infrastructure in place for recycling, the materials can be beneficially reused in
a wide variety of products. Unfortunately, recycling rates in much of the United States are disappointingly
low. We encourage the recycling of PET and all other recyclable materials and encourage municipalities to
work with consumers, manufacturers and recyclers to educate the public on good recycling practices and
develop better municipal recycling services and facilities.

How much PET is used to produce common water, juice and soft drinkbottles?
Water bottles are getting increasingly lighter: 500 ml of water can be packaged in 12 grams of PET
compared to the 2007 average of 19 grams. Technology is currently being developed to further reduce the
amount of PET used in water bottles. In 2008, PET water bottles requiring only 6 grams of PET were
developed. Carbonated beverages require additional plastic to withstand the internal pressure and
remain carbonated. Water bottles require less plastic per bottle and, therefore, consume fewer raw
material resources and less fuel during transport.
Half-liter plastic water bottles now use as little as 12 grams of PET, nearly 40% less than the average
amount just a few years ago. Likewise, soft drink bottles, though heavier to keep in carbonation, are
becoming increasingly lighter. These lightweight PET bottles require fewer raw materials to produce, less
fuel for transport and are still completely recyclable. We encourage the development of new technologies
to decrease the environmental impact of PET containers, increase recycling services and improve consumer
recycling habits of PET and other recyclable products.
Husky Injection Molding Systems ( recently announced the development of new
manufacturing equipment that helps increase the amount of recycled material in PET bottles, helping to
make them even more sustainable.

What has Facts on PET done to encourage recycling?
Recycling of all plastics, including PET, is an important component of sustainability and something that we
strongly encourage and support. Our leadership team includes the Association of Postconsumer Plastics
Recyclers (APR), which represents companies that process more than 90% of all the post-consumer plastic
in North America.

Do municipal bottled water bans limit bottled water waste?
It is unlikely that bottled water bans will do much to change consumer disposal practices. We believe that
a more effective use of time and resources would be for city councils to work with consumers, recyclers
and bottle manufacturers to increase recycling participation. This could be accomplished by offering better
recycling services, including drop-off centers and public recycling bins and by initiating educational
campaigns that promote recycling.

What’s wrong with drinking municipal tap water?
We believe everyone should have access to clean drinking water. In many cases, especially in developed
countries, there is absolutely nothing wrong with drinking municipal tap water. However, there are
situations in which people choose bottled water for reasons of safety, convenience or personal

Does Facts on PET support bottled water return deposits?
Facts on PET supports any program that encourages PET plastic recycling, including bottled water deposit
programs. There is no one-size-fits-all answer to increase recycling participation in every municipality.
Bottled water deposits may increase recycling in some municipalities. However, in some cases, better
community education programs or municipal recycling services and facilities are needed.

What has the industry been doing to educate the public on plastics andhealth?
The industry as a whole has provided information about plastics and health primarily via the Web. The
industry bases its educational material on research from governmental organizations, independent
laboratories, academics and in-house testing. The Facts on PET’s educational campaign represents a more
proactive approach to addressing misconceptions about PET and BPA by providing outreach to media and
other organizations that are communicating inaccurate information.
Have a question about PET, BPA or Facts on PET? Please e-mail us at